Things that invalidate the fast

In this article we will mention those things which invalidate the fast. Every Muslim should know these things in order to not get confused about his fasting.

Islam is the religion which has the solution for humanity and Fasting is one of the pillars of Islam.

Every Muslim fasts because Allah has ordered in the Quran where he says " O you who have believed decreed upon you is fasting as it was decreed upon those before you that you may become righteous."

There are seven things which invalidate the fast:

1. Intercourse : Whoever has intercourse during the day in the Ramadhan. His fast is invalid and he has to repent and he has to give Kaffara and make this day again.

2Masturbation : Whoever masturbates his fast is invalid whether male or female. Masturbating is haram in Islam. 

3Eating and drinking : Whoever drinks and eats deliberately during the day of Ramadhan his fast is invalid. 

4. Anything that is regarded as coming under the same heading as eating and drinking.

5. Letting blood by means of cupping and the like: If a person donates his blood that  also comes under the same ruling as cupping, because it affects the body in the same way. 

Based on this, it is not permissible for a person who is fasting in the month of Ramadhan and in general to donate blood unless it is essential, in which case it is permissible. In that case the donor has broken his fast and must make up that day later on. Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, Majaalis Shahr Ramadaan, p. 71 
If a person suffers a nosebleed, his fast is valid, because that happened involuntarily. 
With regard to bleeding that results from extraction of a tooth, surgery etc., that does not invalidate the fast in the month of Ramadhan  because it is not cupping or something that is similar to cupping, unless it has an effect on the body similar to that of cupping. 
6. Vomiting deliberately : If a person vomits deliberately his fast is invalid.

7. Menstruation and nifaas : When a woman sees the blood of her period or nifaas (post-partum bleeding), her fast becomes invalid even if that is one moment before sunset. 

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